During the boom years, between 2000 and 2008, thousands came from Ecuador, Colombia and Bolivia to work in construction. The number of migrants rose from 923,879 to 5,747,734. Now, that construction has come to a halt and over 26% of the workforce are unemployed, they are heading home. The only groups that have actually increased are the Chinese (3,647), Pakistanis (730) and Italians (246).
The Valencian region lost 24,901 and now has a population of 5.1 million. It still has the second highest immigrant population though at 16.8%.
By country, the numbers are: Romanians (868,635, 15.7% of foreigners), Moroccans (787,013, 14.3 percent of foreigners), British (383,093, 6.9% foreigners) and Ecuadorians (262,223, 4.8% foreigners).